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A Close Look at The LM Interior

The controls and displays enable astronauts to monitor and manage the LM subsystems and to control the LM manually during separation, docking, and landing.

In general, the controls and displays are in subsystems groupings located in accordance with astronaut responsibilities. Certain controls and displays are duplicated to satisfy mission and/or safety requirements; a system of interlocks prevents simultaneous operation of these controls. Controls and displays that enable either astronaut to control the LM are centrally located; these are accessible from both flight stations. Controls that could be operated inadvertently are appropriately guarded.

Annunciator displays go on if malfunctions occur in the LM subsystems; at the same time, two flashing master alarm lights and an alarm tone (in the astronaut headsets) are activated. Digital and analog displays provide the astronauts with subsystem-status information such as gas and liquid quantities, pressures, temperatures, and voltages.

>> Click on each panel to see its picture <<

There are 12 control and display panels. The main control and display panels (1 and 2) are canted and centered between the flight stations. Panels 3 and 9 are below these panels, within convenient reach and scan of both astronauts. Panels 5, 8, and 11 are located for use by the Commander. Panels 6, 12, 14, and 16 are located for use by the LM pilot.

Panel 1, directly in view of the Commander, contains various controls and displays, including warning lights, digital counters, navigational instruments, engine thrust control switches, and engine, fuel, and altitude indicators. Panel 2, directly in view of the LM Pilot, contains caution lights, reaction control indicators, environmental control indicators, navigational instruments, and various other indicators and switches. Panel 3 contains controls and displays for radar, stabilization and control, heater control, an event timer, and lighting. Panel 4 contains a display and keyboard assembly. The display and keyboard provides a two-way communications link between the astronauts and the LM guidance computer. The panel contains indicator lights, pushbuttons, data displays, and toggle switches. In front of the Commander's and LM Pilot's stations, at waist height, are panels 5 and 6, respectively. Panel 5 contains lighting and mission timer controls, engine start and stop pushbuttons, and an X-translation pushbutton. Abort guidance controls are on panel 6.

At the left of the Commander's station is panel 8, which is canted up 15 degrees from the horizontal. This panel contains controls and displays for explosive devices and descent propulsion, and audio controls. The orbital rate display -- earth and lunar (ORDEAL) panel aft and on top of panel 8, is an electromechanical device that provides an alternative to the pitch display of the flight director attitude indicator on panels 1 and 2. When selected, the ORDEAL produces a flight director attitude indicator display of computer local vertical attitude indicator display of computed local vertical attitude during earth or lunar circular orbits. Panel 11, directly above panel 8, has five angled surfaces that contain circuit breakers. Each row of circuit breakers is canted 15 degrees to the line of sight, so that a white band around the circuit breakers is visible when the breakers are open.

At the right of the LM Pilot's station is panel 12, which is canted up 150 from the horizontal. This panel contains audio, communications, and communications antenna controls and displays. Directly above panel 12 is panel 14. It is canted up 36.5 degrees from the horizontal and contains controls and displays for electrical power distribution and monitoring. Panel 16, directly above panel 14. has four angled surfaces that contain circuit breakers. This makes a white band visible around the circuit breakers when the breakers are open.

At the right of each flight station is a pistol-grip control (attitude controller assembly), used to control LM attitude changes. At the left of each flight station is a T-handle control (thrust/translation controller assembly). This assembly, an integrated translation and thrust controller, is used to command vehicle translations by firing thrusters in the Reaction Control Subsystem, and to throttle the descent engine.

An alignment optical telescope is located between and above the flight stations; it is a manually operated, unity-power, periscope-type device. it is used to determine the position of the LM, using a catalog of stars stored in the LM guidance computer and celestial measurements made by the astronauts. A utility light control centered above the flight stations comprises two switches and two portable light fixtures, one for the Commander and one for the LM Pilot.

Environmental Control Subsystem controls are grouped together on the aft bulkhead, behind the LM Pilot. These controls include an oxygen control module, a suit gas diverter, suit flow controls, suit circuit and canister controls, cabin/suit temperature controls, and water management controls. Cabin relief and dump valve controls are located on the forward and overhead hatch. The Environmental Control Subsystem controls enable the astronauts to maintain a habitable environment, decompress and repressurize the cabin, and regulate water flow for drinking, cooling, food preparation, and firefighting.

Panel 1
Panel 1 close up

Panel 2
Panel 2 (Apollo 14). Contributed by Paul Fjeld
[click for full 1038x1603 image] 

Panel 3&4
Panel 6

Panel 5
Panel 5 Engine Start

Panel 8 forward

Panel 8 aft

Panel 8 side (NASA Photo S70-30949)

Panel 8 DSEA (left of frame) NASA S72-35124, LM-11 (AS16 "Orion")

Panel 11 forward
Panel 11 aft

Panel 12 & 14 forward
Panel 12 & 14 aft

Panel 16 forward
Panel 16 aft


Lunar Module SpaceCraft Assembly & Test - original photos and text by Frank A Pullo 1997 FAP Systems Group All rights reserved.
Reposted with new material by Eric Hartwell licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.5 License
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